HOW TO PAINT
 
PAINT IN THE RIGHT ORDER PAINT SMART
         
Paint in the right order 1. Paint_Smart_Step1 2. Smart_Paint_Step2
   
  Paint the difficult areas first.
Example: edges,corners,
moulded edges and high
spots.
  Keep your strokes continuously as you work on an area. Then overlap as you move from area to area.
       
3. Paint_Smart_Step3 4. Smart_Paint_Step_4
   
      Always paint two coats or more. Make sure the first coat is completely dried before applying the next coat.
Paint it up-down or left-right
direction, always continue in
the same direction. It using a brush,try draging the brush
downwards in one smooth
motion.

 

CLEANING UP
CLEANING & SAFETY TIPS
 
       
Don't let paint harded your brush Clean all your tools immediately

Wrap your brush in cling wrap if you take a break in between painting to stop it from drying out.

 

 

After painting, clean brushes and
rollers immediately. Use turpentine to wash all-based paint from brushes. Store brushes flat or on their handles. Use water to wash emulsion paint from rollers. Hang them to dry and prevent from crushing the pile.

 
   
       
Storing unsed paint Disposing of paints safely

Wipe the rim at the can clean and replace the lid. Place a block of wood over the lid and tap it down with a hammer to reseal. Invert the can for a few seconds to prevent a layer of skin forming on the paint surface. Store in a well-ventiladed place that is cool,dry and out of children 's reach.

 

Do not pour paint down the drain . Allow empty paint cans to dry out first and place them in double-lines rubbish bags before disposing.

 
 

 

 

GETTING STARTED
PREPARING THE TOOLS
     
  NECESSARY TOOLS     PAINTING TOOLS     CLEANING TOOLS
1 Masking Tape   1. Brushes and Roller   1. Rags
2 Sandpaper   2. Extension Pole   2. Containers
3 Covers   3. Paint Trays   3. Thinner
4 Filler   4. Ladder      
5 Scraper   5. Comfortable Clothes      
      6. Protective Gear      
 
Tools
 
PREPARING THE PAINT
 
Step One   Step Two   Step Three  
Read the label
on paint can
  Stir thoroughly
until colour is even.
  Dip 1/3 of the
brush into the paint
 
 
 

Common  Paint Problems

 

 

Powdery Surfaces

 

Possible Causes:

• Use of low grade, highly pigmented paint
• Too much of adulteration with lime powder
• Using highly pigmented interior paint for outdoor application

Solution:

Using stiff bristle brush under running water or water jet clean off all loose paintwork, allow to dry and apply one coat of Sersol Wall Sealer 6000 follow by using high quality paint.

Powdery Hand

Flaking

 

Possible Causes:

• Inadequate surface preparation
• Use of low quality paint that has inadequate adhesion & flexibility
• Applying the paint over damp or highly alkaline surface
• Overthinning the paint or spreading it too thin
• Painting under cool or windy conditions that make paint dry too fast
• Painting under low humidity and high temperature surface that make paint dry too fast

Solution:

Apply on well prepared clean and dry surfaces. Remove the loose or flaking paint with scraper and wire brush or water jet, allow to dry and apply one coat of Sersol Wall Sealer 6000, follow by the recommended finish coat.

Flaking

Efflorescence

 

Posible Causes:

• Insufficient drying of new plaster wall
• Water leakage or excess moisture escaping through the wall surface from the inside
• Failure to remove all previous efflorescence
• No or improper primer / sealer used.

Solution:

Allow new plaster wall dry thoroughly. Remove all efflorescence and other loose materials with a wire brush or water jet. Allow to dry and apply one coat of Sersol Wall Sealer 6000, follow by the recommended finish coat.

Efflorescence

Algae/ Fungus

 

Possible Causes:

• Damp areas with minimum or no direct sunlight
• Painting over surface which algae & fungus has not been removed
• Low quality paint with insufficient fungicide content
• Exceeding the designed life spans of paint coating
• Vegetation nearby

Solution:

Use fungicidal wash or diluted household bleach solution (1 part bleach, 3 parts water) to get rid of the algae and fungus; wear rubber gloves and eye protection. Water jet is also an option. Allow to dry and apply a coat of Sersol Wall Sealer 6000, follow by 2 coats of Sersol Finishing of your choice.

Algae or Fungus
   
Blistering  

Possible Causes:

• Applying paint on damp or wet surfaces, moisture escaping through the wall
• Exposure of paint film to high humidity or rain shortly after paint has dried, esp. if there was inadequate surface preparation.
• Too fast recoating time

Solution:

• Ensure substrate is dry before painting. Do not apply on wet weather.

• Scrape off the blisters, sand the entire surface, and remove the sanding dust and residue. Ensure the surface is completely clean and dry. Apply a suitable Sersol paint according to instructions.

• Allow sufficient drying time for each coat before recoating.

Blistering
   
Bubbles/ Craters  

Possible Causes:

• Shaking a partially filled can of paint.
• Use of low quality paint or very old latex paint.
• Applying (esp. rolling) paint too rapidly.
• Excessive rolling or brushing of the paint.
• Applying a gloss or semi-gloss paint over a porous surface.
• Over diluting the paint.

Solution:

• Avoid shaking vigorously the paint
• Avoid excessive rolling or brushing during application.
• Apply an appropriate sealer before painting over a porous surface.
• Scrape off the bubbles, sand the entire surface, and remove the sanding dust and residue. Ensure the surface is completely clean and dry. Apply a suitable Sersol paint according to instructions.
Bubbles/ Craters
   
Poor flow/ leveling  

Possible Causes:

• Application of additional paint to ‘touch-up’ partially dried painted areas.
• Re-brushing or re-rolling partially dried painted areas.
• Poor quality, incorrect roller type, whose edges leave marks.
• Putting too much pressure on the roller during application.
• Too viscous paint being used (maybe container not properly closed and dried up)

Solution:

Avoid ‘touch-up’ or re-rolling partially dried areas. Use high quality latex paint which are formulated with ingredients that enhance paint flow. Use high quality brush and roller. Thin down too viscous paint before use.

Poor flow/ leveling
   
Uneven Gloss & overlapping mark  

Possible Causes:

• Failure to maintain a wet edge during painting.
• Uneven thickness of paint coat; uneven application of paint that left overlapping visible
• Failure to properly prime a porous surfaces or surface with varying degree of porosity.
• The paint was not stirred well before or during application.

Solution:

• Make sure to apply paint from ‘wet to dry’ to prevent lapping marks.

• Spread out the fresh paint evenly on the walls with vertical strokes.

• Always apply a primer coat on porous surfaces for even absorption. Applying an additional coat will even out sheen irregularities.

• Stir well the paint before use.

Uneven Gloss
   
Spattering  

Possible Causes:

• Over-diluted paint.
• Pushing the roller too quickly or putting too much pressure on the roller during application.
• Overloading the roller with paint.

Solution:

• Do not over dilute the paint; follow instruction.

• Carefully shake out any excess water if the roller is wet.

• Do not roll too fast or with too much pressure.

• Do not overload the roller with paint.

Spattering
   
Colour Fading  

Possible Causes:

• Use of an interior grade of paint for outdoor application, caused by chalking of the paint film
• Use of a colour pigment that is particularly vulnerable to UV radiation (most notably certain bright reds, blues and yellows)

Solution:

Apply a suitable Sersol exterior paint according to instructions. EXTERIA is a  full acrylic binder latex paint, which can withstand severe weather conditions.

Colour Fading
   
Blocking
 

Possible Causes:

• No allowing sufficient drying time for the coating before closing doors or placing furniture directly contact with walls.
• Use of low quality semi-gloss or gloss paints. (Acrylic latex paint generally has better early block resistance than vinyl latex paints)

Solution:

Make sure enough curing time is allowed for the paint before it is put into service. Cool or humid conditions require more curing time.

Blocking
   

How much paint is needed?

 
 
Location Estimated 5 Litre Cans Required (based on 2 coats)
Bedroom

Living Room

All ceiling
External walls
1000sq ft apartment 2 2 5 -
Single-storey link house 1 2 5 2
Double-storey link house 2 2 10 5

 

 
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